Asociación Peruano Japonesa

The Japanese Peruvian Association (Asociación Peruano Japonesa, APJ) is a nonprofit organization that brings together and represents Japanese citizens who live in Peru and their descendants, as well as their institutions.

Updated May 2009

community en ja es pt

The Japanese Language in Peruvian Speech

Languages crossed national borders well before globalization and today, in any part of the world, you can hear other languages spoken with both native and foreign accents. But what causes one language to incorporate words from another language and appropriate them for everyday use?

Japanese culture figures prominently in Peru, as does the Japanese language, which has been assimilated by young people and adults through consumption of diverse products, media figures, and colloquial usage. It’s not surprising, then, that some Japanese words are not identified as Japanese despite being used frequently.

As with English, certain terms have become universal ...

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war en es

Memories of Hiroshima: 70 Years after the Atomic Bomb

Manuel Yoneyama was 16 when the atomic bomb devastated Hiroshima. It was 8:15 a.m., and Manuel was at home with his parents and siblings. He remembers an intense light (“like a camera flash”) covering the sky, and five minutes later a loud bang, or as he describes it, a “powerful boom.”

He lived 12 kilometers from where the bomb landed and no one in his family was hurt. For a month after the bomb attack, his parents forbade him from going to the city or the military factory where he worked.

“Luckily that was a day of yasumi ...

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war en es

Crystallizing Dreams: Testimony of Chieko Kamisato, former Crystal City resident

Chieko Kamisato is a Peruvian-American Nisei who spent time at the Crystal City concentration camp in the United States between 1944 and 1946. Recently, she visited Peru to reconnect with some friends as well as with the past. Her memories, reflecting a lifetime of difficulties and overcoming obstacles, deserve to be shared.

The story begins with her father Junken. Originally from Okinawa, he arrived in Peru in 1915. Awaiting him were his older brothers, with whom he worked in various trades. Seven years later, he brought over his wife, Kami—Chieko’s mother.

Junken and his brothers walked the streets ...

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Crystal City, 70 Years Later: Memories of War - Part 2

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THE RETURN TO PERU

A siren announced Japan's surrender.  Many Japanese refused to believe that their country had been defeated, but the war had come to an end, making the concentration camp unnecessary.

The question now being asked was: What is to become of the Japanese from Peru and their children?  The Peruvian government prohibited their return.  Rejected by the very same government that had expelled them, some Japanese put down roots in the United States, while others returned to Japan, only to find hunger and devastation.

The Tochio Villanueve family considered emigrating to Japan.  The ...

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war en es

Crystal City, 70 Years Later: Memories of War - Part 1

It’s a mixture of emotions. Satisifying, to be sure. Surprising, too, because the presidential apology1 was unexpected. Some thought that it would never happen. At the same time some feel sad because it took so long to apologize that their own parents didn’t live long enough to witness it.

Crystal City was part of their childhood, leaving a indelible mark for the rest of their lives. Almost seventy years ago they had their freedom taken from them; they were taken from Peru and sent to the United States as if they were merchandise to be sold abroad ...

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