Ralph Hisao Wakayama

性別 Male
生年月日 1916-1-20
出生地 Maui HI, U.S.A.
入隊した年 1942-2-8, Honolulu HI
入隊のタイプ Draftee
所属・部署 Army
兵役のタイプ War
所属部隊のタイプ Combat
所属部隊 A Company, Engineers Battalion
Company D, 442nd Regimental Combat Team
Company D, 100th Battalion
特殊技能 Infantryman
最終目標 USA: Schofield Barracks, HI, Camp Shelby, MS
Other Countries: North Africa, Italy, France
除隊した年 Honolulu HI
所属部隊の役割 Supervised the operation of 4 heavy mortars in the Italian and French campaigns.
所属部隊での個人的役割 Used maps to determine range and deflection of weapons for effective fire on targets. Issued firing orders and with binoculars, made adjustments and ordered adjustments.
主な戦闘(交戦地帯へ従軍した場合) Rome-Arno Campaign; North Apennines Campaign; Po Valley Campaign; Rhineland Campaign
勲章・褒章(個人又は所属部隊) European-African-Middle Eastern Service Medal
Asiatic-Pacific Service Medal
World War II Victory Medal
Good Conduct Medal - 100th Inf. Bn.
Distinguished Unit Badge - 5th and 7th Army.
生活状況 Lots of outdoor living in fox holes - sometimes in deserted homes.
Bathed from wells or streams. If you're lucky, you get a hot bath and change of clothings, once in 3 mo.s.
Combat rations were lousy. 'C' rations consisted of a. 3 meat cans, b. scrambled eggs, c. beans and sausage or d. beef stew. All cold. Sometimes heated w/ portable Coleman stove issued one to a squad.
Played checkers carried by one comrade who later was killed. Re-hashed some funny incidents occurring in combat. Someone came across vino cellars - 'Happy Hour'.
軍隊生活で最も記憶に残っている出来事 I was drafted in the 5th draft. When the 442nd was formed, a General from Schofield Barracks gathered our units - Engineers Bn. and asked for combat volunteers. 1st meeting - not enough men. General request 2nd meeting - still shy of total needed. I was one of the 125 men signed up. That's why # 10 (Draftee & Volunteer) is checked as it is.

It happened in final 'push' of the war. Our units attacked and walked all day and night. Finally about 4AM (sleepy and tired) we were half-settled. Unfortunately, our 81mm unit were too far forward, in order to support the rifle Co.s. So, Sgt Eric Abe, Co. D, longer in combat than our platoon officer, suggested we should move to a hill behind us about 400 yds. (strategic withdrawal). Officer agreed. So we ran at daybreak to a better and safer position w/ our heavy weapons and ammo. As soon as we pulled out from our first position, which was in a ravine, the enemy 'shelled' that area up and down w/ countless rounds - seen through my binoculars. Without Sgt. Eric Abe's advice, we all would have been 'wiped out'. Thanks to Eric. So sorry to report, in the 2nd position, the Germans knew where we were, so they 'shelled' our area. A tree burst got one of our boys - 'Red' Yamashita.

It happened in the Vosge Forest in France. Our unit was isolated, came time for our rations - our boys could not contact the supply unit. So the usual SOP is to pick a different comrade to get the rations. Instead, the same person volunteered to go, which was after midnight. Later the enemy started shelling w/ artillery and one shell landed in the empty fox-hole, of the person who chose to contact the ration train. Fortunately he came home alive.

軍隊にいる間、最も懐かしかったもの Letters from home.
個人的に軍隊経験から学んだ最も重要なこと The hardship of war.

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