ジョナサン・バン・ハーメルン

(Jonathan van Harmelen)

カリフォルニア大学サンタクルーズ校博士課程在籍中。専門は日系アメリカ人の強制収容史。ポモナ・カレッジで歴史学とフランス語を学び文学士(BA)を取得後、ジョージタウン大学で文学修士(MA)を取得し、2015年から2018年まで国立アメリカ歴史博物館にインターンおよび研究者として所属した。連絡先:jvanharm@ucsc.edu

(2020年2月 更新) 

war en ja es pt

砂漠と沼地の『蛍の光』ー 強制収容所の新年

ホリデーシーズンは、特別な結束の時期であり、一年の終わりに喜びをもたらすとともに、一年を振り返る機会となります。第二次世界大戦中に強制収容されていた日系アメリカ人の正月の過ごし方を見ると、伝統行事の大切さと収容所生活への不安の両方が反映されていました。

ほとんどのアメリカ人にとって、ホリデーシーズンの中心はクリスマスですが、日系アメリカ人にとっては、日本の伝統の延長線上にある正月が重要でした(それは多くの意味で今も変わらないでしょう)。戦前は、家族で餅つきをし、かまぼこや漬物といったさまざまなお節料理を用意して祝いました。『羅府新報』や『日米新聞』などの日系アメリカ人による日刊紙は、新年特別号を発行し、短編小説や美術作品の特集を組みました。日系アメリカ人市民同盟の機関誌『パシフィック・シチズン』は、1941年の元旦号に小圃千浦の作品と公民権問題についての解説を掲載しました ...

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war en

How fair is “Fair Enough?” Westbrook Pegler and Japanese Americans - Part 2

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On May 4, 1943, a few days after his two columns on Japanese Americans appeared in print (and less than two weeks after Eleanor Roosevelt’s tour of the same camp) Pegler came to Gila River. Afterwards, Pegler wrote in his May 6, 1943 column that conditions were austere and trying, but asserted that many Japanese Americans – specifically Kibei - were disloyal and “savages like the Japanese soldier.” He cited a rumor spread by a nurse at the Gila River hospital that patients had cheered when reports came from Japan that airmen who had been captured after the ...

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war en

How fair is “Fair Enough?” Westbrook Pegler and Japanese Americans - Part 1

On March 28, 1945, the Manzanar Free Press ran a remarkable article relating to Japanese Americans. In discussing the U.S. Supreme Court’s ruling in the case of Korematsu vs. United States, the text cited the noted (and notorious) newspaperman Westbrook Pegler, who had proclaimed in his nationally syndicated column “Fair Enough” that Fred Korematsu had been convicted for violating a rule issued by “a lieutenant-general”—referring to General John DeWitt –“but (who) might as well have been a corporal.” In addition to lambasting DeWitt for incompetence, Pegler criticized Justice Felix Frankfurter for the court’s decision, stating that ...

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community en

One of Berkeley’s Finest: Harvey Itano and his work on Sickle Cell Anemia

A number of Japanese Americans have distinguished themselves within the ranks of academia. From famed sociologist Tamotsu Shibutani to the members of the Manzanar guayule project, Japanese American scholars in a variety of fields saw their careers shaped by the wartime incarceration. One such individual, who rose to the top of the scientific world and contributed to the field of molecular biology, was Harvey Akio Itano.

Born in Sacramento, California on November 3, 1920, Harvey was the oldest of four children born to Masao and Sumako Itano. During his youth, Itano was active with the Young People’s Christian Conference ...

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community en

A Journey to Guadalupe

One of the more difficult questions historian are asked is not about history itself, but their work as historians: “Why do you write about this topic?” Of course, like other people who study history, I do so for a variety of reasons, whether to understand broader issues affecting society or as part of an introspective journey. History is, after all, a form of storytelling that uses the past as a medium for discussing issues, past and present. In more recent decades, historians have sought to collect personal stories of individuals that add a personal touch to seemingly impersonal topics. For ...

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