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いただきます3! ニッケイの食と家族、そしてコミュニティ

Japanese-Brazilian Food: Japanese Cuisine with a Brazilian Touch

I grew up in a Japanese-Brazilian environment in which my father is an Issei and my mother is a Nissei. However, living in Brazil with a family that has Japanese customs you will have an identity crisis because you don't fit in anywhere or you will have the best of both worlds. In my case, I only see advantages in this cultural diversity, especially with regard to food.

For those who don't know Japanese cuisine, you don't know what gastronomy is. Just like those who don't know Brazilian cuisine. Brazil is a geographically large country so there is diversity in terms of a lot of spices, vegetables and fruits. Therefore, the flavors are also rich and varied.

Beans in Brazil is a dish that cannot be missed in the authentic Brazilian home; usually onion and garlic are added to season it. My mother makes beans with seaweed; mixing a very important ingredient from Brazil and the other from Japan. Not only is this combination delicious, it is also healthy.

Speaking of healthy foods, the Japanese have several foods that are beneficial to health. Green tea, for example, was not restricted only to Nikkei, it is very popular in Brazil being recommended by health professionals for its benefits.

The Japanese contributed a lot to Brazilian agriculture bringing vegetables such as the kabocha pumpkin, which is a hybrid of the pumpkin squash; the nigagori that has people calling it bitter melon; the Japanese cucumber; umeboshi and wasabi which has now started to be cultivated and sold fresh in Brazil. In addition, Japanese immigrants also brought fruits such as: persimmon, ponkan orange, fuji apple, nashi pear, among others.

The most popular foods from Brazil are: feijoada, churrasco, coxinha, brigadeiro, pastel, among others. In fact, elected several times as the best pastel in São Paulo, it is made by a Japanese born in Osaka called Kuniko Yohana, but in Brazil she is known as Maria, who says that the dough is the secret to the success of her pasteis.

I realize that one culture does not come into contact with the other without causing impacts. And when you mix Brazil with Japan the result of the influence of Japanese cuisine in Brazil can be seen in the unusual versions of sushi with mango, sushi with carambola, fried temaki, sushi with pout pepper, tilapia sashimi, guava harumaki and even sushi with Nutella.

Hot roll with cream cheese and sesame, Uramaki with fried cabbage, joe with passion fruit and sushi with fried leek and cream cheese

There are Brazilian variations of Japanese food that are quite peculiar. It's Japanese cuisine shaping itself to fit the taste of Brazilians. There are some surprisingly good mixes, like sushi with leeks and cream cheese, but there are also some bizarre versions, like sushi with strawberry and Nutella. I don't particularly like sushi with fruit, curd cheese or dulce de leche, which are characteristically Brazilian ingredients.

I believe that for the Brazilian palate, Japanese cuisine is bland, there are no strong seasonings. For this it is increased with options that give more flavor and that contrast with each other. According to Soares and Gaudioso (2013), soy sauce made in Brazil is stronger, being a saltier product and Japanese soy sauce is lighter and smoother. This is mainly due to the use of different ingredients.

Salmon sashimi, passion fruit joe, mango and grated coconut joe, salmon sushi and cream cheese

In Brazil, a food that has become popular mainly by the anime Naruto is dangō. Another food that has stood out recently in Brazil is the Bentō Cake in bakeries which is a mini cake that comes inside a lunch box and presents humorous messages.

Old Bachan Aluminum Bentōs

Bentō Cake may not be a Japanese invention but bentō is very common and traditional for Nikkei families being featured in doramas, anime and manga. My family, for example, always takes obentō when traveling by car. It has become a tradition that when you travel and don't take obentō you have the impression that you haven't left the place.

Today aluminum bentōs are already in disuse. Current models are thermal to keep the temperature longer. But, we still have some Bachan bentōs that we still keep as a souvenir. This is another very Japanese aspect of storing things you don't use but we'll leave that for another article.

References:

SOARES, André Luis Ramos; GAUDIOSO, Tomoko Kimura. “Entre o sushi e o churrasco: gastronomia, culinária e identidade étnica entre imigrantes japoneses.” Habitus. Goiânia, v. 11, n.1, p. 77-94, jan./jun. 2013.

 

© 2022 Meiry Mayumi Onohara

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このシリーズについて

好評につき、「ニッケイ物語」シリーズ第11弾では、再び「いただきます3! ニッケイの食と家族、そしてコミュニティ」のテーマでお届けします。ぜひ、皆さんのニッケイの食に関する個人的なストーリー、エッセイ、回想録、論文、レストラン評そのほかの散文を投稿してください。ニッケイ人は、自分たちの日本食を作るため、どのようにして地元の食材や調理方法、農業や風味を取り込んできたのでしょうか。私たちは特に、皆さんのお気に入りのレシピの背景にある、ニッケイの家族やコミュニティの物語を共有することに関心を持っています。

ガイドラインと募集基準に従ってお送りいただいたすべての作品は、6月より順次ディスカバー・ニッケイのジャーナルコーナー「いただきます3!」に掲載されます。投稿期日は、2022年9月30日(金)18時(PDT)です。

詳しくは、5dn.org/itadakimasu3-jaをご覧ください。

*「いただきます3! ニッケイの食と家族、そしてコミュニティ」シリーズは、下記の団体の協力をもって行われています。 

     

     

 

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