Larry Hajime Shinagawa

Larry Hajime Shinagawa, Ph.D., who is a professor of American Multicultural Studies at Sonoma State University, is working on a book whose working title is Asian American Intermarriage and the Social Construction of Love . It is based on the studies of census and marriage license data and on interview of over 100 people It will be published by Beacon Pres in the fall of 1999.

Updated Fall 1998

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Nikkei Heritage

Intermarriages and Hapas: An Overview - Part 2

>> Part 1

Current Japanese American Attitudes

Intermarriage has been a major, and controversial, topic of discussion within the Japanese American community over the years. The Pacific Citizen has consistently afforded a forum for some of this discussion (particularly the Holiday Issue, December 20-27, 1985). As more and more marriages across culture and race occurred, unresolved questions, opinions and prejudices surfaced.

For many years, people who were of mixed race were seen as a loss to the community. Some people went so far as to state that intermarriage was worse than internment as an assault on the JA community. The assumption ...

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Nikkei Heritage

Intermarriages and Hapas: An Overview - Part 1

To be biracial and Japanese American means having many different labels from which to choose. For this historical overview, we will use “Hapa”, a term popularized by the Hapa Issues Forum, to mean people who have an Asian/Asian Pacific Islander parent and a parent of any other race. Our focus here is on those with a Japanese or a Japanese American parent.

There is no single Hapa experience. Over the decades, Hapas have had widely different experiences based on individual circumstance and background, as well as the time period and environment into which they were born. The history of ...

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