Osamu Sawaji

Osamu Sawaji is an editor in chief of the Japan Journal. He earned a master’s degree in Political Science from Northwestern University in Illinois in 1992. He has been working for the Japan Journal as an editor since 1993. He lives in Tokyo.

Updated January 2019

migration en

More Power to Nikkei Communities in Brazil - Part 2

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Support for Nikkei Communities

Before World War II, Japanese overseas migration projects were conducted by the central government, prefectural governments and private companies. After World War II, with the number of people who migrated to foreign countries decreasing, the Japan Emigration Service (JEMIS) was established in 1963 and started to facilitate centralized overseas migration projects in 1964. In 1974, JEMIS and the Overseas Technical Cooperation Agency, which implemented technical cooperation for developing countries, were integrated into the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), and JICA took over overseas migration projects. Subsequently, JICA began to provide assistance with stabilizing ...

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More Power to Nikkei Communities in Brazil - Part 1

Japanese emigrants and their descendants have played an important role in the development of Brazil for more than a century. In this article, we look back on that contribution and introduce some of the efforts of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) to support Nikkei communities in Brazil today.

In the Edo period (1603–1867) under the feudal system, the Tokugawa shogunate forbade Japanese people from going abroad and also placed restrictions on foreign trade, except with some countries such as the Netherlands and China.

After the Tokugawa government was overthrown in the Meiji Restoration of 1868, however, a new ...

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