Bettina-Jeannette Bierwirth

Bettina-Jeannette Bierwirth lives in Duisburg, Germany where she was born in 1987. In 2007 she started English and media design studies at the University of Wuppertal. She has been studying Japanese as a third language in her free time for a couple of years.

Updated August 2010

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From a Japanese American Literature Class at a German University

Text and image relations in Miné Okubo's Citizen 13660

Okubo was interned in 1942 in the Central Utah Relocation Center in Topaz a year after the attack on Pearl Harbor. During that time she created drawings depicting the life of the Japanese Americans in the camp. When she returned home she added text to this collection. In 1946 she published it and named it Citizen 13660.

When I first encountered this book I did not pay much attention to it. I saw it in a comic book store several weeks before I attended a seminar and learned about the context and the meaning of it. Nevertheless when I saw ...

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